Major Depressive Disorder Essay

                                               Major Depressive disorder

                             Symptoms, Cures, and Treatments

 

As normal human beings we sometimes get sad over disappointments or have a period of time of grievance due to a loss of some sort. However, when the despair stays and never leaves,you may be depressed. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) says, ‘’Major depressive disorder affects approximately 14.8 million American adults, or about 6.7 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year.’’ Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious illness. It is a mood disorder which effects everyday living. Like any disease there are symptoms, some treatments and causes. So if you are dealing with it, know that you are not alone.

What are the symptoms? Are some more severe than others? Like the flu, there are more severe cases then others. There are three cases of depression: Major, minor and bi-polar. Every case and symptom is different for each unique person. Some of the symptoms include: unusual loss of appetite, over sleeping, joyless of everyday activities, distant from family and friends, thoughts of suicide and many more. Unlike some mood disorders, Major depression acts towards oneself instead of out at others. For an example one person with MDD may want to harm themselves instead of lashing out at the person who did the wrong.

What causes Major depressive disorder in people is unknown. Scientist, doctors and researchers have not found what the actual cause is for the disorder. ’Rather, it likely results from a combination of genetic, biochemical, environmental, and psychological factors.’’ (Psychology Today Magazine ,1991-2014) Some even say it could be a brain disorder of some type. Depression can come from hereditary or even just the environment someone grew up in.  Alcohol, drugs and traumatic events in one’s life can be an applicator for depression to occur. You do not get a happy go lucky teen from a family who has been negative towards his/her life.  However, if the parent(s) raised a child with proper structure, loving and encouraging environment you might get the happy go lucky adult. We all learn from our surroundings in some way.

What are the treatments to help with this disorder? Although, doctors have not found a cure, there are ways to manage the illness. There are three ways to treat MDD: Medication, therapy, and electric shock therapy. Treatments are based on severity and the person’s medical history. Medication (Anti-depressants) can help but not always effective for some cases. Some cases medication is not used because of patient’s medical history. Therapy is used usually to help the person cope with their emotions, learn more ways to work with the disorder, and learn how to regain their everyday life. Electric shock therapy has advanced since the 1940’s. Although, it is only used when medication and therapy is not an option, it is only used on last choice and life risking. 

Major depressive disorder does not mean someone will be depressed their whole lives, some can regain and live a normal life. This does not mean that it will just go away. It is an illness that will stay with someone forever. The symptoms can be severe but treatable. Even though there no actual know cause for depression we can make it less severe with help. Medication, therapy and sometimes even electric shock therapy can help manage this illness. Depression is something you cannot fight alone. So let go, ask for help and let live.

 

 

 

References:

http://www.psychologytoday.com/conditions/depressive-disorders?tab=Treatments

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-easy-to-read/index.shtml

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000945.htm

 

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